Skip to main content

Standards and Full Forms

Listing some of the Standards and Full Forms of standard institutes and programing languages.
This is not the complete list, you can contribute to this list by posting comments to this article.

ANSI    -- American National Standards Institute
IEEE    -- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers --
ISO     -- International Organization for Standardization
BIS     -- Bureau of Indian Standards
IEC     -- International Electrotechnical Commission
ITU     -- International Telecommunication Union
SEI     -- Software Engineering Institute
WSC     -- World Standards Cooperation
NSB     -- National Standards Bodies
W3C     -- World Wide Web Consortium
IETF    -- Internet Engineering Task Force
UPU     -- Universal Postal Union
CEC     -- European Committee for Standardization
CENELEC -- European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
PASC    -- Pacific Area Standards Congress
CMMI    -- Capability Maturity Model Institute
COPANT  -- Pan American Standards Commission
ARSO    -- African Organization for Standardization
BSI     -- British Standards Institution
NIST    -- National Institute of Standards and Technology
QC      -- Quality Control
QA      -- Quality Assurance
DMAIC   -- Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control
DMADV   -- Define, Measure, Analyze, Design, Verify
RTM     -- Requirements Traceability Matrix
SRS     -- Software Requirements Specification
QTP     -- Quick Test Professional
ISTQB  -- International Software Testing Qualifications Board
ACSL    -- Advanced Continuous Simulation Language
BASIC   -- Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
COBOL   -- Common Business Oriented Language
FORTRAN -- FORmula TRANSlation
HTML    -- Hyper Text Markup Language
XML     -- Extensive Markup Language
PERL    -- Practical Extraction and Reporting Language
POSIX   -- Portable Operating System Interface
NEMA    -- National Electrical Manufacturers Association
DICOM   -- Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine

There are so many programming languages and the almost all of them are listed here below,

Programing Languages


Nrsuhas321 said…
Sir, i am getting error . pls find the attachment and help me.Waiting for ur reply.
Mithun Ashok said…

You need to login as user "scott". To know the user execute the command below,

show user
Guest said…
Hey, nice site you have here! Keep up the excellent work!

ISTQB Training Institute in ChennaiHey, nice site you have here! Keep up the excellent work!

Popular posts from this blog

SQL Interview Questions on Subqueries

SUB Queries:
1. List the employees working in research department 2. List employees who are located in New York and Chicago
3. Display the department name in which ANALYSTS are working
4. Display employees who are reporting to JONES
5. Display all the employees who are reporting to Jones Manager
6. Display all the managers in SALES and ACCOUNTING department
7. Display all the employee names in Research and Sales Department who are having at least 1 person reporting to them
8. Display all employees who do not have any reportees
9. List employees who are having at least 2 reporting
10. List the department names which are having more than 5 employees
11. List department name having at-least 3 salesman
12. List employees from research and accounting having at-least 2 reporting
13. Display second max salary
14. Display 4th max salary
15. Display 5th max salary  -- Answer for nth Max Salary
Co-Related Subqueries:
16. Write a query to get 4th max salary from EMP table
17. Write a query to get 2nd…

Answers for SUB Queries

1. SQL> select empno, ename from emp where deptno=(select deptno from dept where dname='RESEARCH');

2. SQL> select empno, ename from emp where deptno in (select deptno from dept where loc in ('NEW YORK','CHICAGO'));

3. SQL> select dname from dept where deptno in ( select deptno from emp where job ='ANALYST');

4. SQL> select empno, ename, mgr from emp where mgr = (select empno from emp where ename='JONES');

5. SQL> select empno, ename, mgr from emp where mgr = (select mgr from emp where ename='JONES')

6. SQL> select empno, ename, job from emp where deptno in ( select deptno from dept where dname in ('SALES','ACCOUNTING'))

7. SQL> select empno, ename, job from emp where deptno in ( select deptno from dept where dname in ('SALES','RESEARCH')) and empno in (select mgr from emp)

8. SQL> select empno, ename from emp where empno not in ( select mgr from emp where mgr is not null)

9. select…

'Linux-x86_64 Error: 28: No space left on device' While trying to start the database -- Error

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/initdlfasp12.ora'
ORA-27102: out of memory
Linux-x86_64 Error: 28: No space left on device

This as you can see is on Linux x86 with 64 bit processor. We got this error after we changed SGA on 10gR2 database. So was sure that this is something to do with the OS.

Parameters to check for this are shmall.

shmall is the total amount of shared memory, in pages, that the system can use at one time.

$cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax

$ getconf PAGE_SIZE

As per Oracle SHMALL should be set to the total amount of physical RAM divided by page size.

Our system has 64GB memory, so change kernel.shmall = 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 64 / 4096 = 16777216

Once this value is calculated you can modify Linux system configuration file directly.

$ su - root
vi /etc/sysctl.conf file:


# sysctl -p

Once this is done the database was started without any problem.